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Nepal’s whitewater rapids threatened by hydro-power

Deepak Adhikari (AFP):  The Bhote Koshi river rises in Tibet and cuts a mighty swathe through the Himalayas, carving out gorges as it tumbles into Nepal in a series of thundering rapids.
Thrill-seekers whitewater raft on the Bhote Koshi river in Sindhupalchowk district, some 70km east of Kathmandu. Many sections of Nepal’s famed rivers could soon be silent and virtually empty as the energy-starved country plans a huge expansion in hydro-electricity in the face of power cuts lasting up to 16 hours a day.
Regarded as one of the best waterways in the world for whitewater rafting, the river attracts thrill-seekers of all nationalities, keen to test their mettle in the adrenaline-pumping sport.
“When people talk about whitewater rafting, they think of the Bhote Koshi river. It is for adventure seekers what Everest and Annapurna are for climbers,” said Megh Ale, president of the Nepal River Conservation Trust.
“So, it is the world’s heritage – not only Nepal’s. We are not against development in itself. But the government should clearly state which river is for what.”
Experts say Nepal’s mountain river system could be generating 83,000 megawatts of power. The nation currently produces a paltry 692
megawatts.
Nepal’s dire power shortage has crippled industry and dissuaded foreign investment, with crucial infrastructure development having ground to a halt in the years of political paralysis following the 1996-2006
Maoist insurgency.
The country has 23 hydropower plants, according to the Independent Power Producers’ Association Nepal, but a further 36 have been mooted or are already being built.
One plant under construction on the Bhote Koshi will include a gated weir near the Tibetan border, choking the fast flow of water for rafters, many of whom have expressed horror at the threat to their sport.
Five major resorts and 21 rafting companies operate along its banks, bringing in more than 100,000 tourists a year and providing hundreds of jobs.
Campaigners have called on the government to take rafting into account when planning locations for hydropower projects.
But the energy industry insists generation of power in the impoverished nation should take priority over adventure.
“Hydropower development is the need of the hour,” said L B Thapa, general manager of the Welcome Energy Development Company.
“We should ask the right question – what is the need of our country? Is it energy or
rafting?”
Whitewater rafting was introduced to Nepal in the mid-1970s by foreign diplomats and has been embraced by tourism businesses who now offer packages to holidaymakers lasting up to 12 days.
Chudamani Aryal, 37, has spent 16 years as a rafting guide on Nepal’s longest river, the Karnali, which flows through dense forest near the Bardiya National Park in the country’s south. For him the appeal is clear.
“We start off as soon as the sun rises to see crocodiles come ashore to bask in the sun. We come across spotted deer, barking deer and other rare animals like endangered dolphins.
Indian developer GMR is building a 900 megawatt hydro plant which Aryal believes will severely curtail rafting on the Karnali, reducing its appeal to foreign tourists who may go elsewhere in search of thrills.
Tourism contributes more than $1bn to the economy and the Nepal River Conservation Trust says rafting pulls in more than 20% of foreign holidaymakers, counted at a record 719,547 last year.
“We have nearly 6,000 streams and rivers. Why can’t we spare some for rafting? We need to promote nature-based tourism,” said its president, Ale.
“Countries that don’t have any natural beauty erect buildings to attract tourism. Despite being bestowed with immense natural beauty, we are
destroying it.”

Published Date: Saturday, March 31st, 2012 | 08:13 PM

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