CLAIM OF CHINA THAT IT HAS COMMUNIST GOVERNMENT IS FALSE
Except China ,all the erstwhile communist governments in the world including Russia, Poland and others have given up the communist philosophy and have accepted the superiority of democratic form of governance . They now conduct periodical elections with number of political parties participating.
However, Chinese government continues to claim that it is wedded to communist philosophy, whatever it may mean in the Chinese government’s parlance.
Chinese President Xi JinPing has underlined the overall supremacy of communist party in China and demanded that two million strong military and government institutions in China should work under the leadership of the communist party.
Today, the functioning style of government in China has nothing to do with communist philosophy as originally evolved and for which the basic philosophy was outlined by Karl Marx. The original communist philosophy pledged it’s support to the working class as it existed then at the time of Karl Marx , when the oppression of the labour by the rich landlords and owners of the enterprises were prevalent. At that time, appropriately, Karl Marx said that the workers of the world have nothing to lose except the chain.
However, when the communist philosophy became the basis of governance in some countries like Russia and others, it was seen virtually as rule by the coterie of people and it was nothing short of dictatorship, marked by iron curtain. Forceful suppression of contrary views and elimination of opponents by threat or coercion or physical force became the order of the day. The government essentially insisted that individual ownership of any assets and concept of profit making is against the communist philosophy. The government nationalized all the enterprises and the citizens found that the conditions were no better and they were only similar to the labourers in the earlier regime, being replaced by different type of oppressors.
As the communist form of governance was against natural instincts of people to work , earn and become prosperous and the fact that the rulers of the communist government were seen virtually as self centred gang of people who managed to seize power and entrench themselves in power all the time, the people rebelled and the communist governments inevitably collapsed.
However, China today continues to claim that it is a communist country, though it has given up the communist philosophy for all practical purposes in governance. Chinese government under the so called communist leadership is now encouraging private ownership with more than 65 % of the Chinese industries and enterprises owned by domestic private Chinese companies and foreign companies
In effect , the economic and industrial growth of China in the last two decades has happened largely due to privatization measures and encouragement of individual initiatives and tacid approval of profit making by the private industries and business men.
While virtually giving up the basics of communist philosophy in governing the country, the Chinese leadership continues to claim that it is communist government, to ensure that the power would stay within the control of the coterie .In effect, today China is ruled by a small group of people who form a ruling gang and control the power amongst themselves. Strongest of the coterie is elected as the President.
This is more than evident from the fact that Xi JinPing has been re elected as President for the five year second term and then it has been confirmed he would continue to be in power as the head of the party, the military and the Presidency for his life. For this purpose, the National People’s Congress (NPC) has ratified a constitutional amendment, removing the two term limit for the President.
Now, Xi JinPing is a life time President with full powers which obviously means that he is the dictator of China ,who cannot be removed from power. He can be overthrown in future only by another leader who has the clout to form another coterie under his leadership with another gang of lieutenants and perhaps, the removal of Xi JinPing from power is unlikely to be a peaceful transition.
President Xi JinPing claims that he is a leader of the communist government only to camouflage his real role as dictator of China.
In spite of the fact that the communist form of governance has ended all over the world, there are still some isolated groups of people around the world who swear by the original communist philosophy of equality for all and believe that it should be the ultimate form of governance , even it could look as an utopian expectation at the present time. Certainly, these pledged admirers of communist philosophy are frustrated to see the happenings in the present “ communist government in China”.
The Chinese leadership’s claim that Chinese government follows communist philosophy is false of the first order. There is nothing communism in government of China today and the leadership of the government survives not by people’s consent but by suppressing dissent and wiping out the opponents by whatever methods.
(Author N. S. Venkataraman is a trustee with the “Nandini Voice for the Deprived,” a not-for-profit organization that aims to highlight the problems of downtrodden and deprived people and support their cause. To promote probity and ethical values in private and public life and to deliberate on socio-economic issues in a dispassionate and objective manner.)